The von Krogh and Roos model, also known as the "Organizational Epistemology Model," is a framework that explains how organizations create and manage knowledge. It was developed by Georg von Krogh and Johan Roos in the mid-1990s and is widely used in organizational management and knowledge management research. The model is based on three interrelated components, which are:
1. Epistemology: This component refers to the theory of knowledge and how it is created, acquired, and used in organizations. The von Krogh and Roos model proposes that knowledge can be categorized into four types:
2. Ontology: This component refers to the nature of reality and how it is perceived by individuals and organizations. The von Krogh and Roos model proposes that individuals and organizations have different ontologies, which can influence their perception of knowledge and how it is managed. These ontologies can be categorized into two types:
3. Methodology: This component refers to the methods and processes used to create, acquire, and manage knowledge in organizations. The von Krogh and Roos model proposes that organizations can use four different methodologies to manage knowledge:
Overall, the von Krogh and Roos model suggests that effective knowledge management in organizations requires a deep understanding of the epistemology, ontology, and methodology of knowledge creation and management. By leveraging the different types of knowledge, ontologies, and methodologies, organizations can improve their ability to innovate, adapt, and compete in a rapidly changing environment.
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